History of Cannabis in the United States
It feels like cannabis is all the rage right now, but in reality cannabis has been used by humans for thousands of years. It gets ugly in the U.S. in the 1930s.
Farmers in Virginia, Massachusetts and Connecticut were required to grow hemp – used for rope, paper, clothing, sails, seeds as food.
Cannabis sold in pharmacies & doctor’s offices to treat variety of ailments by companies like Lilly and Parke Davis.
Mexicans immigrate to US after Mexican Revolution and bring cannabis to US.
Harry Anslinger - heads the Bureau of Narcotics replaces the term “hemp” with “marijuana”.
William Hearst – owns newspapers and is heavily invested in timber mills, and sees hemp as competition
Andrew Mellon – US Sec. of Treasury, owns Mellon Bank which backed Hearst & DuPont Co, founded Gulf Oil and his niece is married to Anslinger who was out of a job after alcohol prohibition ended and he appointed him to head new Bureau of Narcotics
William DuPont – made chemicals for processing paper, pesticides, fertilizers for cotton, and petroleum based plastics and nylon, sees hemp as competition
Pharmaceutical Companies starting to bring products to market (Bayer aspirin, etc)
Marijuana Tax Act enacted which effectively banned use of cannabis and hemp (HR6385)
1942 - 45
Hemp ban is lifted so farmers can produce needed rope and other supplies for WW11
Controlled Substances Act lists Cannabis as Schedule 1 Drug (“temporarily”)
National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse (the bi-partisan Shafer Commission, appointed by Nixon to study cannabis) releases report titled: “Marijuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding”. Nixon and his officials ignore findings which unanimously agree that personal use of cannabis is not harmful and should be decriminalized.
Reagan and Bush administrations wage “War on Drugs” despite growing evidence that cannabis is not harmful and is medically helpful.
Anti-Drug Abuse Act signed by Reagan, creating mandatory sentences for drug-related crimes.
California legalizes cannabis for medical use (Prop 215)
1998 - 2000
Oregon, Alaska, Washington, Maine, Nevada, Colorado and Hawaii all legalize medical cannabis
2012 - 2014
Recreational cannabis use is legalized in Colorado and Washington. This allows any adult, 21 and older, to purchase cannabis, without a medical recommendation.
2014 - 2016
In 2014 Alaska and Oregon legalize recreational use, and in 2016, California follows, along with Nevada, Maine, and Massachusetts. Sales hit $6.7 billion for legal cannabis sales in the U.S.
30 states have legalized medical cannabis, and 9 states plus Washington DC allow recreational cannabis sales. 6 more states vote in November. Numerous bills introduced in the House and Senate to remove cannabis from Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act, and to legalize the farming of Hemp in the U.S.